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Monday, 17 November 2014

BABY STARTED SMILING INSIDE THE WOMB AND STILL CONTINUES 5 MONTHS AFTER BIRTH

Most babies are happy, but this baby Leo is the happiest of them all. When she was pregnant, Amy Cregg visited a doctor to have a 4D imaging scan taken of her belly.

The technology is similar to an ultrasound in that the images are produced by high-frequency sound waves “bouncing off” the body, but instead of producing a flat picture, it creates a 3D image.

It works by piecing together several pictures taken from a variety of angles to produce the accurate model. The images are then recorded on film in real time, marking the “fourth” dimension.

When she was getting her belly scanned, however, Cregg noticed something unusual: The 31-week- old fetus was smiling inside his mother’s tummy.

Baby Leo, as he’s since been named, is now 5 months old and continues to live up to his happy reputation. After he was born, he was always smiling — even in his sleep.

He’s even been dubbed the “Happiest Baby in Britain.” Baby Leo’s mother admits that modeling agencies have approached her in an effort to hire her happy little boy, but she’ll only allow it once he’s older.

BACKPAIN CAN BE CAUSED BY OVERUSE OF PHONE

Backpain can be caused by overuse of cellphone, as people tend to slump over the phone while viewing it.

The study suggests that people spend an average of 2 to 4 hours each day with their neck bent at this unnatural angle while shooting off emails or texts and the success of social media has led to an epidemic of bad smartphone posture.

Dr. Kenneth Hansraj, chief of spine surgery at New York Spine Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine, the average adult head weighs 10 to 12 pounds when it's in the upright or neutral position. However, because of that pesky thing called physics-gravitational pull-the cranium becomes heavier the more you bend your neck.

The study found that bending your head at a 60 degree angle to get a better look at your selfie is putting 60 pounds' worth of pressure on your cervical spine, the portion of the spine above the shoulders. That's more than the weight of the average 7 year old.

The researchers said that the weight seen by the spine dramatically increases when flexing the head forward at varying degrees and the loss of the natural curve of the cervical spine leads to incrementally increased stresses about the cervical spine. These stresses may lead to early wear, tear, degeneration and possibly surgeries.

The study found that tilting your head a mere 15 degrees puts 27 pounds of pressure on your spine; a 30 degree neck tilt could equal 40 pounds of pressure; a 45 degree tilt adds the force of 49 pounds.

The study will be published in Surgical Technology International.


Friday, 14 November 2014

WORLD DIABETES DAY 2014: PREVENTING DIABETES IN CHILDREN !


The number of Indian kids diagnosed with diabetes is on the rise, which is a huge concern. This signifies lack of awareness levels about the disease in the country.

A new report shows that around 70, 000 Indian children under the age of 15 suffer from type 1 diabetes, while another 40,000 have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

According to doctors, the rise in the number of children developing the disease is because most children with type 1 diabetes, which accounts for up to 90 percent of all childhood diabetes, are not diagnosed on time. Also rising childhood obesity can be a risk factor.

While type 1 is an autoimmune disease where children are dependent on insulin for survival, type 2 is due to insulin resistance and is seen in obese children with a family history of diabetes.


Prevention:

Type 1 diabetes or juvenile diabetes can't be prevented, but can be well managed. Parents can help their child reduce the complications due to type 1 diabetes through maintaining good blood sugar control and healthy diet.

Type 2 diabetes and its complications can be prevented through healthy lifestyle choices. Remember small changes can make a big difference, so even a small amount of weight loss or changes in lifestyle can help reduce your child's risk.

Healthy foods: Give your kids a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains while limiting fast food. Choose foods that are low in calories and fats. Limit sugar-sweetened drinks and instead give him/her water.

Physical activity: Encourage your kids to get active. Teens and children should get 60 minutes a day of exercise most days on the week. Decrease the amount of time spent in sedentary activities such as watching TV, playing computer or video games. This will help in reducing the risk of weight gain as well as help prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes.

Weight loss: Obesity can increase the risk of the disease. Apart from exercise, talk to a registered dietician to help you determine your child's ideal weight and diet. While kids need enough calories and nutrients for their growth, excessive weight gain should be avoided by adopting a healthy diet to reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes

Wednesday, 12 November 2014

DEADLY CANCER CURED BY HIV VIRUSE!

A man beat a form of deadly cancer by infecting himself with HIV, doctors of Pennsylvania said.

29-year-old Marshall Jensen of Utah, fought an aggressive form of leukemia with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Jensen of Woods Cross, was diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, several years ago.

During the past three years, Jensen and his family have traveled around the U.S., trying various surgeries and treatments for his leukemia. At some point, Jensen met with Dr. Carl June and his team of researchers at Penn Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Their treatment involved a disabled version of the HIV virus, which retains an essential feature, the ability to insert new genes into cells.

The cells are altered to target and destroy cancer cells. 9 of the 12 patients who received this treatment against other types of cancer, are also in remission.

Tuesday, 11 November 2014

3RD MBBS PART 2-MODEL QUESTION PAPERS-KUHS 2014


GENERAL MEDICINE
GENERAL SURGERY
OBSTETRICS

GYNAECOLOGY

PEDIATRICS

PEDIATRICS AND NEONATOLOGY -3RD MBBS PART 2-MODEL QUESTION-KUHS-2014



Q.P.Code:                                            Reg. no.: …………………
Third Professional MBBS Part II Degree Examinations
(Model Question Paper)
Pediatrics and Neonatology
Time: 2 Hours                 Total Marks: 40
             Answer all questions
             Draw diagrams wherever necessary 

Essay:    (10) 

1. One year old boy admitted with pallor .O/E No bleeding manifestations,   severe pallor, and tinge of jaundice. No significant lymph node enlargement .P/A Spleen enlarged 5 cm, Liver span 8 cm, and firm in consistency. Answer the following: 

GYNAECOLOGY -3RD MBBS PART 2-MODEL QUESTION-KUHS-2014



Q.P.Code:                                            Reg. no.: …………………
Third Professional MBBS Part II Degree Examinations
(Model Question Paper)
Gynaecology (Family Welfare and Demography - II
Time: 2 Hours                    Total Marks: 40

             Answer all questions
             Draw diagrams wherever necessary 

Essay:    (10) 

1. 23 years old lady married 2 years presents with oligomenorrhea and infertility. O/E obese and hirsuite. Answer the following:

  • What is the most probable diagnosis       
  • What are the long term consequences.                       
  • How do you evaluate       
  • What are the different management options     (1+3+3+3=10)


OBSTETRICS AND SOCIAL OBSTETRICS -3RD MBBS PART 2-MODEL QUESTION-KUHS-2014



Q.P.Code:                                            Reg. no.: …………………
Third Professional MBBS Part II Degree Examinations
(Model Question Paper)
Obstetrics & Social Obstetrics - I
Time: 2 Hours                    Total Marks: 40
             Answer all questions
             Draw diagrams wherever necessary 

Essay:    (10)
1. A 25 years old primi gravida presents with headache and vomiting at 36 weeks gestation. On examination BP 190/110 mm Hg. Uterus 34 weeks. Cephalic presentation FH+. Answer the following:  

GENERAL SURGERY PAPER 2-3RD MBBS PART 2-MODEL QUESTION-KUHS-2014



Q.P.Code:                                            Reg. no.: …………………
Third Professional MBBS Part II Degree Examinations
(Model Question Paper)
General Surgery - II
Time: 3 Hours        Total Marks: 60
             Answer all questions
             Draw diagrams wherever necessary 

Essay:    (15)  

1. A thirty five years old female attends the surgery out patient department with complaints of a swelling in the front of neck along, with palpitation, increased appetite, & loss of weight.
Answer the following:

GENERAL SURGERY PAPER 1-3RD MBBS PART 2-MODEL QUESTION-KUHS-2014



Q.P.Code:                                            Reg. no.: …………………
Third Professional MBBS Part II Degree Examinations
(Model Question Paper)
General Surgery - I
Time: 3 Hours        Total Marks: 60

             Answer all questions
             Draw diagrams wherever necessary 
             Write Section A and Section B in separate answer books(32 Pages). Do not mix up questions from Section A and Section B 

                            Section A – Surgery GIT                      Marks:30 

Essay:    (5) 

1. A 60 years old male attends the surgery outpatient department with complaints of loss of appetite, loss of weight, and early satiety of two months duration.  Answer the following:

  • What is the most probable diagnosis.       
  • What are the investigations done to diagnose this disease.        
  • What are the investigations done to stage the disease. 
  • What is the role of surgery in treating this patient.           (1+1+1+2=5) 

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